U.S. federal agencies are responsible for creating rules which administer and enforce U.S. laws. Valuable information about companies can be found in published business violation complaints and agency enforcement actions.
For a more comprehensive list of agencies with enforcement responsibilities, see the Dirt Diggers Digest. Below are a few examples of agencies which release their documents:
Securities Class Action Clearinghouse. Stanford Law School in cooperation with Cornerstone Research
- Provides detailed information relating to the prosecution, defense, and settlement of federal class action securities fraud litigation
- Also contains copies of more than 42,825 complaints, briefs, filings, and other litigation-related materials filed in these cases
U.S. SEC Litigation
- Provides information on SEC enforcement actions, opinions issued by the Commission, briefs filed by SEC staff, trading suspensions, and notices concerning the creation of investors’ claims funds in specific cases
U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission
- CFTC disciplinary history available here includes Reparations Sanctions in Effect and Administrative Sanctions in Effect
- Search CFTC disciplinary history by respondent name, other names used by respondent, CFTC docket number, or National Futures Association ID.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System: Search facility
The Federal Reserve supervises the following entities and has the statutory authority to take formal enforcement actions against them:
- State member banks
- Bank holding companies
- Nonbank subsidiaries of bank holding companies
- Edge and agreement corporations
- Branches and agencies of foreign banking organizations operating in the United States and their parent banks
- Officers, directors, employees, and certain other categories of individuals associated with the above banks, companies, and organizations (referred to as "institution-affiliated parties")
For additional information, see the U.S. Federal Reserve explanation about enforcement responsibilities
U.S. Department of Treasury. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.
The OCC supervises the following entities and has the statutory authority to take enforcement actions against them:
- National banks and their subsidiaries
- Federally chartered savings associations and their subsidiaries
- Federal branches and agencies of foreign banks
- Institution-affiliated parties (IAPs), including:
- Officers, directors, and employees
- A bank's controlling stockholders, agents, and certain other individuals.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
- State chartered banks that are not members of the Federal Reserve System and insured branches of foreign banks
U.S. Federal Trade Commission
- Review cases and proceedings regarding company mergers and anti-competitive practices.
U.S. Environment Protection Agency
- Investigate the company’s environmental record. Since company facilities have different names, best to search by U.S. address and postal codes.
U.S. Department of Labor Enforcement Data
- Look up company and retrieve enforcement results from U.S. Wage and Hour Division (WHD), Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Mine Safety & Health Administration (MSHA)
U.S. Equal Opportunity Employment Commission
- EEOC cases against employers might be available in the collection of briefs filed by the EEOC in the United States Courts of Appeals in cases in which the EEOC is a party and in the EEOC amicus briefs filed in the U.S. Courts of Appeals, district courts, and state courts